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This page contains historical photos of Ontario's King's Highway 401 dating from 1960 to 1964. All photographs displayed on this page were taken by the Ontario Ministry of Transportation, unless specifically noted otherwise. Historical photographs are arranged in approximate chronological order. Click on any thumbnail to see a larger image!

Please note that all photographs displayed on this website are protected by copyright. These photographs must not be reproduced, published, electronically stored or copied, distributed, or posted onto other websites without my written permission. If you want to use photos from this website, please email me first for permission. Thank-you!

Page 3: Historical King's Highway 401 Photographs (1960 to 1964)


HWY 401 #209

Above - Grading operations on the Tilbury Bypass (Hwy 401) in 1960.
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 1960)





HWY 401 #1

Above - View of the Hwy 401 & Hwy 11A (Avenue Road) Cloverleaf in Toronto after a winter snowstorm (1960)
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 1960)





HWY 401 #926

Above - Flush median on the Humber River Bridge in Toronto. This bridge near Weston Road was originally designed to carry two lanes per direction on Hwy 401. During the 1960s, the construction of the Express-Collector Lane System on Hwy 401 through Toronto necessitated the widening of the Humber River Bridge from 4 through lanes to 12 through lanes. Photo taken in October, 1960.
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2011)





HWY 401 #1347             HWY 401 #1348

NEW Left - Hwy 401 approaching Tremaine Road in 1961, facing east towards Milton. This interesting photo shows the newly-completed (and virtually empty) highway between Milton and Kitchener, which had only been open to traffic for about 4 months at the time this photo was taken. The section of Hwy 401 from the Hwy 25 Interchange in Milton to the Hwy 8 Interchange in Kitchener was completed and officially opened to traffic on November 17, 1960. Photo taken on March 28, 1961. See an Enlarged Photo here.
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2014)

NEW Right - Facing north across the Tremaine Road Overpass on Hwy 401 west of Milton. Photo taken on March 28, 1961. See an Enlarged Photo here.
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2014)





HWY 401 #1349             HWY 401 #1350

NEW Left - Approaching the Guelph Junction Canadian Pacific (CP) Railway Overhead on Hwy 401, east of the Hwy 6 Interchange. Photo taken on March 28, 1961. See an Enlarged Photo here.
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2014)

NEW Right - Northern side of the Guelph Junction Canadian Pacific (CP) Railway Overhead on Hwy 401. Photo taken on March 28, 1961. See an Enlarged Photo here.
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2014)





HWY 401 #894             HWY 401 #895

Left - Hwy 25 Cloverleaf on Hwy 401 in Milton, facing east towards Toronto (March 28, 1961)
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2011)

Right - Facing north across the Hwy 25 Overpass on Hwy 401 in Milton (March 28, 1961)
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2011)





HWY 401 #1336             HWY 401 #1335

NEW Left - Facing north across the Hope-Clark Township Boundary Road (East Townline Road) Overpass west of Port Hope in 1961. This structure was originally built in 1958. Although the vertical clearance below this structure exceeded 4.5 metres, the bridge had the misfortune of being struck by overheight vehicles several times during its existence. The bridge suffered a fatal blow on October 7, 2013, when a westbound flatbed cargo truck carrying an overheight load collided with the side of the bridge. The bridge was severely damaged as a result of the collision, and was immediately closed to northbound and southbound traffic. Despite the collision, the structure was already scheduled for replacement. The East Townline Road Overpass was demolished on March 22, 2014. A new structure is scheduled to open here in 2015. Photo taken on June 2, 1961. See an Enlarged Photo here.
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2014)

NEW Right - Facing west along Hwy 401 towards Newcastle near the Clarke-Hope Township Boundary Road (East Townline Road) Overpass in 1961. This photo shows a newly-completed section of Hwy 401 between Newcastle and Port Hope, which had opened to traffic less than a year before this photo was taken. Ever since the late 1930s, highway engineers had envisioned building a superhighway from Toronto to the Quebec Boundary. As various sections of Hwy 401 were completed through Eastern Ontario in the early 1960s, that dream quickly moved towards becoming a reality. The dream was realized (at least partially) when the 9-mile section of Hwy 401 was completed and opened to traffic between Lancaster and the Quebec Boundary on November 10, 1964. Although Hwy 401 had been extended to the Quebec Boundary, the highway was by no means complete. Many sections of the highway were still only two lanes with at-grade intersections and railway crossings. In fact, the permanent controlled-access route of Hwy 401 between Gananoque and Brockville was still on engineers' drawing boards in 1964. It wasn't until 1968 that the final four-lane section of Hwy 401 was completed and opened to traffic west of Brockville. Photo taken on June 2, 1961. See an Enlarged Photo here.
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2014)





HWY 401 #910             HWY 401 #920

Left - Facing west towards Henry Street from the Hwy 12 Interchange on Hwy 401 in Whitby (June, 1961)
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2011)

Right - Facing north across the Henry Street Overpass on Hwy 401 in Whitby (June, 1961)
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2011)





HWY 401 #917             HWY 401 #916

Left - Approaching the Simcoe Street Interchange on Hwy 401 in Oshawa, facing east (June, 1961)
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2011)

Right - Concrete arch bridge on Hwy 401 over Oshawa Creek, near the Simcoe Street Interchange in Oshawa (June, 1961)
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2011)





HWY 401 #79

Above - Hwy 401 at the Woodbine Avenue Interchange (now Don Valley Parkway & Hwy 404), facing northwest (June, 1961)
(Photo courtesy of Archives of Ontario  -  Series RG-14-151-5-16, Box B1104, Neg. #1344)

This great aerial photo shows the layout of the Hwy 401 & Woodbine Avenue Interchange prior to the construction of the northernmost part of the Don Valley Parkway in the late 1960s. In 1967, this small four-ramp partial cloverleaf interchange was replaced with the complex interchange that we are familiar with today. During the 1970s, the remainder of Woodbine Avenue from Hwy 401 northerly to Steeles Avenue was reconstructed as Hwy 404.





HWY 401 #80

Above - Hwy 401 at the McCowan Road Overpass in Scarborough, facing northwest (June, 1961)
(Photo © Archives of Ontario  -  Series RG-14-151-5-17, Box B1104, Neg. #1338)

Anyone familiar with suburban Scarborough today will undoubtedly be shocked by this rather rural aerial photo from 1961. The photo shows the McCowan Road Overpass at Hwy 401, prior to the construction of the Express-Collector Lane System in the early 1970s. Until 1971, there was no interchange at McCowan Road. Traffic had to use Kennedy Road or Hwy 48 to access Hwy 401 from McCowan Road. Note the television station on the northwest corner of the overpass, which is still there today.





HWY 401 #58

Above - Aerial view of the Hwy 48 (Markham Road) Cloverleaf on Hwy 401 in Scarborough, facing east (June, 1961)
(Photo © Archives of Ontario  -  Series RG-14-151-5-17 Neg. #1328)





HWY 401 #1146

Above - Hwy 401 at the Harwood Avenue Interchange between Toronto and Oshawa in 1961. At the time this photo was taken, the twin Harwood Avenue span was still under construction on the eastern side of the existing 1941 structure depicted here. Apart from the addition of an extra lane in each direction on Hwy 401 in the mid-1970s, the Harwood Avenue Interchange remained more or less unmodified until 2003, when the interchange was permanently closed and the old dual overpasses were replaced. Photo taken on June 15, 1961. See an Enlarged Photo here.
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2012)





HWY 401 #1147             HWY 401 #1149

Left - Facing north across the Harwood Avenue Overpass on Hwy 401 in Ajax in 1961, shortly before being converted to a one-way street. During 1961, the Harwood Avenue structure was twinned in order to provide a new roadway for northbound traffic. The original 1941 structure was converted so that it carried southbound Harwood Avenue traffic only. Photo taken on June 15, 1961.
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2012)

Right - Facing east across the Bloor Street Overpass on Hwy 401 in Oshawa (June 13, 1961)
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2012)





HWY 401 #1337             HWY 401 #1338

NEW Left - Approaching the Newcastle Canadian Pacific (CP) Railway Overhead on Hwy 401, east of the Mill Street Interchange. Photo taken in June, 1961. See an Enlarged Photo here.
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2014)

NEW Right - Northern side of the Newcastle Canadian Pacific (CP) Railway Overhead on Hwy 401. Photo taken in June, 1961. See an Enlarged Photo here.
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2014)





HWY 401 #1339             HWY 401 #1344

NEW Left - A southbound train passes below Hwy 401 at the Newcastle Canadian Pacific (CP) Railway Overhead. A handful of at-grade railway crossings existed on Hwy 401 between Toronto and Bowmanville for many years after the highway was first opened to traffic in the late 1940s and early 1950s. Most of these at-grade crossings were low-volume railway spurs which didn't carry much rail traffic. However, as the highway became busier, these at-grade railway crossings triggered significant traffic queuing anytime a train passed through. The last at-grade railway crossing on Hwy 401 was finally removed in 1982, when a new railway subway was built west of Liberty Street in Bowmanville. Photo taken in June, 1961. See an Enlarged Photo here.
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2014)

NEW Right - Facing east along Hwy 401 towards Bloor Street from Wilson Road in Oshawa. Photo taken in July, 1961. See an Enlarged Photo here.
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2014)





HWY 401 #1345             HWY 401 #1346

NEW Left - Approaching the Cobbledick Road Overpass on Hwy 401 west of Newcastle. Photo taken in July, 1961. See an Enlarged Photo here.
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2014)

NEW Right - Facing north across the Cobbledick Road Overpass on Hwy 401 west of Newcastle. Photo taken in July, 1961. See an Enlarged Photo here.
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2014)





HWY 401 #11

Above - Aerial view of the Hwy 8 Cloverleaf and Grand River Bridge on Hwy 401 near Kitchener, facing east (October, 1961)
(Photo © Archives of Ontario  -  Series RG-14-151-21-10 Neg. #2466)





HWY 401 #200             HWY 401 #202

Left - New Grand River Bridge on Hwy 401 south of Kitchener (1961)
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 1961)

Right - Concrete paving operations on Hwy 401 west of London (1962)
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 1962)





HWY 401 #201

Above - Grading underway for the new Waverly Road Overpass on Hwy 401 near Bowmanville (1962)
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 1962)





HWY 401 #1342             HWY 401 #1343

NEW Left - East Don River Bridge on Hwy 401 in Toronto in 1962. This interesting photo shows the highway crossing the original 1956 East Don River Bridge, prior to the construction of the collector lane system along Hwy 401 across Toronto in the 1960s. Note how rural the area was between Leslie Street and Don Mills Road at that time! Photo taken in March, 1962. See an Enlarged Photo here.
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2014)

NEW Right - Agincourt Canadian Pacific (CP) Railway Overhead on Hwy 401 near Kennedy Road in Toronto. Photo taken in March, 1962. See an Enlarged Photo here.
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2014)





HWY 401 #208

Above - Liverpool Road Overpass on Hwy 401 in Pickering (May 11, 1962)
(Photo © Archives of Ontario  -  Series RG-14-162-5-166, Photo #8)





HWY 401 #925

Above - Humber River Bridge on Hwy 401 in Toronto in 1962. This photo shows the new Humber River Bridge that was built in 1955 to replace the bridge that was destroyed during Hurricane Hazel in October, 1954. The original Hwy 401 bridge at this site was completed in 1954, but was lost during Hurricane Hazel shortly before the bridge was scheduled to open to traffic. The unprecedented rainfall from the storm caused the normally peaceful Humber River to swell into a violent torrent of water. The rushing water scoured the riverbed, eventually undermining the bridge piers. The damage to the Humber River Bridge was so severe that Department of Highways engineers had little choice but to condemn the unopened bridge. The damaged bridge was demolished in November, 1954 to make way for the replacement bridge seen here. Photo taken in May, 1962.
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2011)





HWY 401 #924             HWY 401 #935

Left - North side of the Humber River Bridge on Hwy 401 in Toronto in 1962. The overpass across the highway in the background marks the Weston Road Interchange. When the Toronto Bypass was first built in the early 1950s, the Weston Road Interchange was only a four-ramp partial cloverleaf, with all of the ramps situated on the eastern side of Weston Road. This "A-B Parclo" configuration proved to be an economical design solution for the Weston Road Interchange, since it avoided the cost of building ramp bridges across the adjacent Humber River. During the reconstruction and widening of Hwy 401 during the 1960s, the original 1952 Weston Road Overpass seen here was demolished and the entire interchange was reconfigured into a "Parclo A-4" ramp configuration. Two of the new ramps on the western side of the interchange spanned the Humber River on separate structures, something which the original designers of the Toronto Bypass had obviously tried to avoid, given the initial interchange configuration. Photo taken in May, 1962.
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2011)

Right - Bayview Avenue Interchange on Hwy 401 in Toronto in 1962. This photo shows the original Bayview Avenue Cloverleaf and Overpass, which were both constructed in 1953. The original cloverleaf interchange at Bayview Avenue was completely replaced in 1968 during the widening of Hwy 401. Compare this 1962 photo of the Bayview Avenue Underpass to this 1968 Photo. Photo taken in May, 1962.
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2011)





HWY 401 #923             HWY 401 #918

Left - Wendell Avenue Underpass on Hwy 401 in Toronto in 1962. This photo shows the original structure that was built in 1950 to carry the Toronto Bypass over Wendell Avenue. The bridge was expanded considerably in 1964 to accommodate the widening of Hwy 401 into an Express-Collector Lane System. Photo taken in May, 1962.
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2011)

Right - Henry Street Overpass on Hwy 401 in Whitby (August, 1963)
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2011)





HWY 401 #1340             HWY 401 #1341

NEW Left - Hwy 401 at Holt Road in Bowmanville, facing east towards Newcastle. Photo taken on March 20, 1963. See an Enlarged Photo here.
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2014)

NEW Right - Facing south across the Holt Road Overpass on Hwy 401 in Bowmanville in 1963. The present-day location of the entrance to Ontario Power Generation's Darlington Nuclear Generating Station lies at the point where Holt Road ends in the background of this photo. Photo taken on March 20, 1963. See an Enlarged Photo here.
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2014)





HWY 401 #1148

Above - New northbound Harwood Avenue Overpass on Hwy 401 in Ajax in 1963. Completed in late 1961, the new twin structure carries northbound Harwood Avenue traffic over Hwy 401. The original 1941 structure seen in the background was converted into a one-way street carrying southbound traffic only. See an Enlarged Photo here. Photo taken in September, 1963.
(Photo courtesy of Ontario Ministry of Transportation  -  © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2012)





HWY 401 #24 - © Laurie Esseltine             HWY 401 #25 - © Laurie Esseltine

Left - Looking east along Hwy 401 towards the Woodstock Service Centres from the Foldens Line overpass (Now Interchange #222) in the early 1960s (ca. 1963)
(Photo © Laurie Esseltine)

Right - Looking east along Hwy 401 towards the Woodstock Service Centres from the same location in 2003.
(Photo © Laurie Esseltine)




Continue on to King's Highway 401 Photos: Historical Photos (1965-1969)



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